Edition Double
Elephant
Folio
Royal
Octavo
Edition
Bien
Edition
Amsterdam
Edition
Imperial
Quadrupeds
(elephant folio)
Quadrupeds
of North
America
(octavo)
Book
Title
The Birds of America The Birds of America The Birds of America The Birds of America The Viviparous Quadrupeds of North America The Quadrupeds of North America
Artist John James Audubon John James Audubon John James Audubon John James Audubon John James Audubon and John Woodhouse Audubon John James Audubon and John Woodhouse Audubon
Publisher John James Audubon John James Audubon and J.B. Chevalier
(later Roe Lockwood)
Roe Lockwood Johnson Reprint Corporation and Theatrum Orbis Terrarum John James Audubon
(later Roe Lockwood)
John Woodhouse Audubon and Victor Gifford Audubon
(later Roe Lockwood)
Location London New York and Philadelphia New York Amsterdam Philadelphia, PA Philadelphia, PA (later New York)
Dates and Editions 1826-1838
1st:

2nd:
3rd:
4th:
5th:
6th:
7th:
1840-
1844
1856
1859
1860
1861
1865
1870-71
1858-1860 1971-1972
1st:

2nd:
1843-
1848
1865?
1st: 1849-1854
2nd: 1852-1855
(this often appears as a mixture of 1st and 2nd)
3rd: 1856
4th: 1870
Approximate Size 26 1/2 x 39
inches
6 1/2 x
10 3/4
inches
27 x 39
inches
26 1/2 x 39
inches
22 x 28
inches
7 x 10 1/2
inches
Engraver/ Lithographer W.H. Lizars (plates 1-10), R.Havell (all other plates) J.T. Bowen, Endicott & Co. Julius Bien Not applicable J.T. Bowen J.T. Bowen (a few plates by Nagel & Weingaertner)
Method Aquatint and engraving, hand colour Lithography, hand colour Chromo-
lithography
Photographic Reproduction Lithography, hand colour Lithography, hand colour
Plates 435 500 105 435 150 155
Parts 87 Parts 100 Parts 15 Parts of 50 Intended Not in parts 30 Parts 31 Parts
Text John James Audubon's "Ornithological Biography" offered separately John James Audubon wrote text that was issued with the plates, and is a later adaptation of "Ornithological Biography". (No text) (No text) Text by John James Audubon and John Bachman offered separately plus 5 extra octavo plates. Text by John James Audubon and John Bachman issued with the plates (same text as in folio).

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